The Basque language, also called Euskera, is spoken in the Western edge of the Pyrenees in Spain and France. The latest figures show that there are around 900,000 speakers today.
It is said to be the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century BCE. Interestingly, there is a high concentration of Palaeolithic sites and cave art within this area of the Pyrenees. This is one of the factors that has been investigated in the identification of Euskera’s linguistic roots.
Despite the efforts of many researchers to shed light on the origins of the Basque language, the linguistic roots remain speculative. Euskera is known as a language isolate, which means that it has no relation to another known language or that its connections with other languages are yet to be discovered.